Wednesday, July 2, 2014

The Jaguar Sports Car

A review of The Jaguar Sports Car, covering development, important features, and technical data of each model in the range, from the SS100 to the E-Type. In this Article, I offer a nostalgic look at the Jaguar Sports Car, one of an elite group of classic cars, which was manufactured during the period 1936 to 1974. In 1922, the Swallow Sidecar Company was created. Its initial aim was to produce motorcycle sidecars, and then move into passenger cars, such as the Austin 7 Swallow. In 1935, the company name was changed to Jaguar Cars, and the improved range of cars was called SS Jaguars.
The Jaguar Sports Car

The Jaguar Sports Car

The Jaguar Sports Car

The Jaguar Sports Car

The Jaguar Sports Car

The Jaguar Sports Car

The Jaguar Sports Car

The Jaguar Sports Car

The Jaguar Sports Car

The Jaguar SS100

The first real Jaguar sports car was the Jaguar SS100, built between 1936-1940. The "100" referred to the fact that it was capable of exceeding 100 mph, something almost unheard of at that time.

Following WW2, the twin overhead cam, straight 6-cylinder, Jaguar XK engine was created.

The Jaguar XK120

In 1948, it was decided to add the new engine to a sports car. The XK120 Jaguar sports car, with the XK engine, was the talk of the 1948 London Motor Show.

The XK120 was a two seater convertible, initially with aluminium panels. The "120" referred to this models top speed of 120 mph.

In 1950, an all-steel version became the norm. A fixed head coupe variant appeared in 1951, plus a drop head coupe in 1953. It used a 3.4 litre XK engine, with an aluminium cylinder head, a compression ratio of 8:1, and two SU carburettors.

In 1949, a prototype XK120 achieved an average speed of 133 mph on a Belgian motorway.

By 1954, when production of these Jaguar cars ended, 7,631 convertibles, 2,678 fixed head coupes, and 1,769 drop head coupes were built.

The Jaguar C-Type

In 1951, the C-Type Jaguar sports car was introduced. It was also designated the XK120-C, where the "C" referred to competition. It was, in essence, a racing car.

It incorporated an aerodynamically designed aluminium body built onto a lightweight tubular space frame chassis. The running gear was that from the XK120.

Its tuned 3.4 litre XK engine had its compression ratio raised to 9:1, but it retained the two SU carburettors.

The engine in later C-Types was fitted with high lift camshafts, and the two SU's were replaced by three twin-choke Webber carburettors.

In total, there were 53 C-Types built. It was built for racing and, in 1951 and 1953, won the Le Mans 24 hour race.

The Jaguar D-Type

In 1954, Jaguar Cars introduced the D-Type Jaguar sports car.

Like the later versions of the C-Type, it used the 3.4 litre XK engine with three twin-choke Webber carburettors.

The structural design, however, was well ahead of its time. It used a monocoque structure with aluminium body panels, and an aluminium tubing sub frame. This produced a low drag, aerodynamic profile.

The D-Type Jaguar cars were designed for racing:

    In 1954, a D-Type won the Sebring 12 hour race
    It won the 1955 and 1956 Le Mans 24 hour race
    In the 1957 Le Mans, D-Types took five of the top six places - this was the peak of its racing history

The Jaguar XK140

In 1954, the XK120 was succeeded by the XK140 Jaguar sports car.

There were minor styling changes on the new car. It was offered as a two seater convertible, a fixed head coupe, and a drop head coupe.

The standard engine was the XK 3.4 litre, with the special equipment modification as used on the XK120. The power was increased to 190 bhp.

The XK 3.4 litre engine, with the C-Type head (SE model), as used on the XK120, and developing 210 bhp, was offered as an optional extra.

The Jaguar XK150

In 1957, the XK140 was replaced by the XK150 Jaguar sports car. Like its predecessor, it was offered as a two seater convertible, a fixed head coupe and a drop head coupe.

A quick was to distinguish between the two Jaguar cars, XK140 and XK150, was that the latter used a one-piece windscreen, whilst the former used a split screen.

Both the suspension and chassis was as per the XK140, and the steering was rack and pinion.

The basic engine was the XK140 unit, with the C-Type head, producing 190 bhp. However, more common was the 3.4 SE unit, with C-Type head and larger exhaust valves, producing 210 bhp.

In 1958, the 3.4 "S" engine appeared, producing 250 bhp.

In 1960, the 3.4 litre engine was bored out to 3.8 litres, producing 220 bhp. In the 3.8"S" form, it developed 265 bhp.

When production of the XK150 ended in 1960, 2,265 convertibles, 4,445 fixed head coupes, and 2,672 drop head coupes of these fabulous Jaguar cars had been built.

The Jaguar E-Type

In 1961, the enigmatic E-Type Jaguar sports car was launched.

The Series 1 E-Type was powered by a 3.8 litre, triple SU carburetted engine used in the XK150S.

In 1964, the 3.8 litre engine was increased to 4.2 litres. The power and top speed from both these Jaguar cars was the same, although torque was increased.

Up to 1967, the Series 1 was easily recognised by its glass-covered headlights. It was offered as a two seater convertible, or a fixed head coupe. A 2+2 version of the fixed head coupe was available in 1966.

There was a transition series of Jaguar cars built from 1967-1968, between the Series 1 and Series 2 E-Types. This was referred to as the Series 1.5.

By 1968, 15,498 Series 1 3.8, 16,195 Series 1 4.2, and 6,726 Series 1.5 Jaguar cars were built.

In 1969, the Series 2 E-Type Jaguar sports car was introduced. It was easily distinguished from the Series 1 by the open headlights, and wrap-around rear bumper.

Once again, it was offered as a two seater convertible, a fixed head coupe, and a 2+2 variant. It was powered by the XK 4.2 litre engine fitted with three SU carburettors.

By 1971, 4,855 fixed head coupes, 8,628 convertibles, and 5,326 2+2 variants of these Jaguar cars were built.

In 1971, the Series 3 Jaguar E-Type launched. It was offered as a two seater convertible, and a 2+2 version, but the fixed head coupe variant was discontinued.

The Series 3 was powered by a new 5.3 litre, V-12 cylinder, double overhead cam, XK engine. It is easily identifiable by the distinctive front grille and fishtail exhaust.

I feel that the Series 3 was the most desirable of all the E-Types produced by Jaguar Cars.

By 1974, 7,990 convertibles, and 7,297 2+2's were built.

This marked the end of the E-Type Jaguar sports car.

Perhaps this stroll down memory lane might have answered, or at least shed light on, a possible question:

"Which Jaguar Sports Car Is Your Favourite?"

However, should this question still remain unanswered, I will be reviewing, in some detail, in future articles within this website, the entire range of Jaguar sports cars which were featured in the memorable era spanning 1936 to 1974.

I hope you join me in my nostalgic travels "down sports car memory lane".

If you would care to view my Original article, containing Photographs, Videos, Technical Data, and Charts not shown in this Article, then please click the following link:
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Tuesday, July 1, 2014

Hybrid Sports Car - The Revolution in Sports Cars

Are you looking for a car, with a sporty look, but don't want to spend buckets of cash on a sporty automobile that tends to be very expensive for the pocket, then you should think about a hybrid sports car. These vehicles are very different from a normal sports vehicle. The normal sports car is not very fuel efficient and after spending a fortune to own a sporty car, you also have to spend heavily on the fuel as well. To overcome all your problems, various companies have invented hybrid sports cars. Generally it is believed that hybrid cars are not very fast on the road, but these hybrid cars were designed keeping all these factors in mind.

Hybrid Sports Car - The Revolution in Sports Cars

Hybrid Sports Car - The Revolution in Sports Cars

Hybrid Sports Car - The Revolution in Sports Cars

Hybrid Sports Car - The Revolution in Sports Cars
The hybrid sports car was made by taking various important factors into account. The first factor is the fuel efficiency factor. There are people who wish to buy a trendy automobile, but the factor that refrains them from doing so, is the heavy amount of expenditure of fuel and insurance. Most sporty vehicles have large motors and a sleek body to support their extreme output for high speeds. The reason for this is these automobiles use enormous amount of fuel because their engines are very heavy. But a hybrid sport car was designed to overcome this drawback. These hybrid cars have a comparatively light body and smaller engines. With this kind of structure and engine the hybrid cars prove to be very efficient fuel users. Again the other factor which would concern the prospective buyer is the comparative slow speed of hybrid cars. This factor has also been given consideration and hybrid sports cars have a feature of fine speed attached to it. The hybrid sports cars are also eco- friendly, this means these cars do not emit harmful gases which cause global warming. By using such cars we can assure a better future and a cleaner environment for the coming generation. The fact that hybrid cars are half battery operated makes these cars a good option with people opting for fuel efficient automobiles.

It is believed, that the biggest drawback with hybrid sports car is the cost factor, but if we compare the cost and fuel efficiency then we see that these vehicles would provide us with more long term benefits then a non hybrid car. There are many advantages attached to these hybrid cars. This is a car which can fulfill all your dreams. The car of tomorrow is here. This car holds all the aspects of a good sporty vehicle. It will provide you with assurance of quality and money. There are very limited manufacturers like Toyota, Honda etc which are manufacturing hybrid sports cars. The fact is that, if more of these cars would be in demand then the supply would also increase which would eventually reduce the cost factor. It is very important for the people to know the various positive aspects of these cars. Every now and then there are more features added to these cars. They are not only beautiful, trendy, smart and elegant but also hold all the attributes to be called the car of the next generation. There is a car available in the market which would satisfy all your desires of owning a sporty car and that is hybrid sports car.

If you have been looking into buying a Hybrid Sports Car. Feel free to have a look at our definitive guide to hybrid cars. Be sure to go here if you want to turn your current vehicle into a Hybrids Sports Car.
Visit Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology for more free information on hybrid cars.
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